BIOLOGICAL AND CULTURAL DIVERSITY OF MAN FROM THE END OF PREHISTORY TO PROTOHISTORY (DHP)
Stéphane ROTTIER (PACEA-CNRS-University of Bordeaux 1)
IRAMAT CRP2A, Pessac - Philippe Lanos
Genome Transcriptome Platform, University of Bordeaux – Frank Salin
UMR6636 LAMPEA, Aix-en-Provence – Gwenaëlle Goude
Department of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Bristol (UK) – Kate Robson Brown
Washington University (Saint-Louis, USA) – Erik Trinkaus
Biological Anthropology Research Center, University of Bradford (UK) – Sébastien Villotte
Duration: 2 years (1st January 2012 – 31st December 2013)
Recruitment: Fanny Mendisco (15/04/12 to 15/01/13) University of Bordeaux 1
The DHP project is based on the implementation of an original analysis strategy integrating innovative technologies as palaeogenetics or high resolution 3D imaging to global bioarchaeological and archaeothanatological studies dealing with human remains coming from several exceptional sites dating to the end of prehistory and protohistoric periods. Three levels of study (indivual/group, interactions of men with their environments and settlement dynamics) will help to characterize the biological and cultural diversity of populations in a transition context. The nature of the anatomical, genetic and isotopical variations will bring new fundamental elements to the knowledge of biological continuity/discontinuity and to the adaptation processes of the human groups who succeeded each other on these sites. The existence of micro-evolutionary trends among these populations, who underwent very strong behavioural transitions between hunter/gatherer and farmer/livestock-farmer ways of life and then adopted metal technology, will be assessed.
Strengthened by several recent recruitments, the DHP project fits into the objectives of the archaeological science Cluster of excellence of Bordeaux and will gather momentum around the less studied chronological periods on the Bordeaux campus, namely the period between the end of prehistory and the Metal Ages.